What is Mortgage Loan? Understand Types and Processes

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What is Mortgage Loan

4 mins read

Published: 26 June 2024

Updated: 26 June 2024

Mortgage loan is a long-term secured loan which requires collateral to avail the loan. The collateral can be in the form of a house, or property, it's a special type of loan where the borrower take the loan to buy something for example a house, then the house acts as collateral, this means if the borrower will not be able to pay back the loan on time then the bank can take the house. This process may sound a bit odd and scary but there are many benefits too, for instance lower interest rates. There are different types of mortgage loans, so understanding the types and their work is very important because it will help to to take an informed decision before you apply for a mortgage loan.

Understanding Mortgage Loan

The first question that arises before every borrower is what is a mortgage loan? Is it similar to other secured loans ? So in simple language, the answer to the question is “Mortgage loan is basically a secured loan that you borrow from banks to buy a house” Mortgage loans help people to buy their dream house and become the homeowner. Lender gives the borrower the money to buy the house and the borrower promises to pay the loan with interest rate on time, if in case the borrower is not able to pay off the loan then the lender takes back the house.

Types of Mortgage Loans

1. Fixed-rate mortgages

In this type of mortgage the interest rate remains the same which means you have to pay the same monthly payments for the complete loan tenure. It is good when the interest rate in the market is high but if the interest rate drops then it is a loss for the borrower.

2. Adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs)

In Adjustable rate mortgage borrower’s interest rate can change over loan tenure, which means your monthly payments can go up as well as down. This may be risky at times because payments could get higher, but good if interest rates go down.

Mortgage Loan Processes

1. Pre-approval

Before beginning the process of house-hunting, borrowers can look for pre-approval from lenders to know the loan amount they qualify for, this qualification is based on borrowers income, credit score, and other factors.

2. Home Search

Once you have completed the pre-approval process, borrowers can start searching for houses or properties under their budget and make an informed decision once they find a suitable home.

3. Application Process

After searching and accepting the offer, borrowers apply for the mortgage loan which is followed by submitting detailed personal financial information and documentation to the lender.

3. Underwriting

The lender thoroughly examines the borrower's financial information, credit history, and the property's appraisal to assess the risk and then finally decide whether to approve the mortgage loan.

4. Loan Approval and Closing

If the lender approves the loan application, the lender provides a loan commitment letter, and the borrower needs to read the letter properly, sign the necessary paperwork and pay closing costs. Now finally he completes the closing process by doing the formalities.

Benefits of Mortgage Loans

1. Homeownership

Mortgage loan gives you the benefits to get access to homeownership by allowing you to purchase the property with little investment.

2. Tax Benefits

Homeowners may reduce the overall tax liability as they may be eligible for tax deductions on mortgage interest payments and property taxes.

3. Asset Appreciation

Real estate has the potential to appreciate over time, allowing homeowners to build equity and wealth through property ownership.

4. Flexible Financing Options

There are various types of mortgage loans available and the borrowers can opt for the option that best fits their financial situation and can easily fulfill your long-term goals.

Tips for Borrowers for Mortgage Loan

1. Researching lenders and loan options

Before you apply for a mortgage loan online you must research for various lenders and loan options which are available in the market. This process is crucial as you have to pay attention while choosing the best lender among many options.

2. Understanding terms and conditions

Like other loans, mortgage loans also come with terms and conditions and these terms vary from lender to lender. So it is important to understand the terms and conditions of the lender as sometimes the terms and conditions and many hidden charges and other things which usually the borrower ignores while applying for a mortgage loan.

3. Budgeting for mortgage payments

Your monthly mortgage payments must be planned as you need to manage your finances so firstly determine your net monthly income, identify your fixed expenses and then finally, account for your savings and discretionary spending. This way you can budget your mortgage payments smoothly without any hassle.

4. Seeking professional advice if needed

If you are still in dilemma and confused about securing a mortgage loan then it is suggested to seek advice from a professional so that you can get the correct advice and guidance to avail a mortgage loan and also you will get to know everything about it including what is a mortgage loan? mortgage loan interest rate, mortgage loan eligibility and much more.


Mortgage loan gives the property ownership to the borrower. After understanding the mortgage loan, its types, benefits and the complete process to apply for a mortgage loan it is easy for a borrower to make an informed decision and then apply for a mortgage loan online. In the article the tips have also been mentioned for the borrower to apply for a mortgage loan. Know more about the different loan process like personal loans, business loans etc and apply for a loan through My Mudra and take the benefits of it. We are here to help you with all your queries so feel free to connect with us anytime.

Also read: 7 Tips to Avail a Personal Loan at a Lower Interest Rate

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