What is Debt Consolidation: How Does It Work?

"By applying for a debt consolidation loan, one can combine all the existing debts, making it easier to manage your finances. Apply Now with My Mudra."

debt consolidation loan in India

4 mins read

Published: 12 June 2024

Updated: 12 June 2024

What is Debt Consolidation?

Debt consolidation means bringing together all the running debt and making them one into a single new consolidated debt. This new debt consolidation loan is favourable in many terms such as lower interest rate, tenure, etc. Here, the amount received from the new consolidated debt loan is used to pay off other remaining debts.

The main aim of availing loans for debt consolidation is to make the multiple repayment process easier by making them a single debt.

This blog will help you understand all about debt consolidation, how it works, and what are the benefits of it.

How Does Debt Consolidation Work?

Debt consolidation works by consolidating multiple debt obligations into a single loan. Here's a step-by-step complete explanation of how it usually works:

● Assess your debts

This is the first step to avail debt consolidation loans, you have to begin with assessing your outstanding debt including credit card bills, personal loans, medical bills, or any type of debt. Keep an eye on the total amount owed, interest rates, and monthly EMIs.

● Investigate consolidation possibilities

Research and consider the multiple consolidation options available to you. Personal loans, balance transfer credit cards, and house equity loans of credit are all widespread methods.

● Select a consolidation method

Select the consolidation strategy that is best and meets your needs and also your financial circumstances. In this process do consider interest rates, processing fees, payback terms and conditions, and any risks linked with each option.

● Consolidation application

Once you have decided on a consolidation strategy, all you need to do is apply for a debt consolidation loan.

● Approval of debt consolidation loan

If your application is approved, you will get funds from the consolidation loan. Pay off all your existing debts with this debt consolidation loan amount, thereby combining them into a single debt obligation to make the repayment process easier.

● Repay the consolidated debt

This is the final process where you have to manage the repayment of this new debt consolidation. After consolidating all your obligations you have to be alert so that you don't miss any payments, as delay in payments can affect your credit score badly.

Debt Consolidation Example

Ragini owes Rs. 10 lakhs on her loans, with interest rates ranging from 18% to 25%. She resolves to consolidate her debts in order to make her payments and lower her interest rates. She applies for a debt consolidation loan with a lower interest rate of 10% after reviewing her options. She uses the debt consolidation loan proceeds to pay off her loan debt once they are accepted. She now has a single Rs.10 lakhs debt from the personal loan. Ragini can save money on interest and focus on repaying the consolidated loan more efficiently rather than paying different debts to different lenders, now she repays the same amount with a lower interest rate and a fixed repayment plan.

Debt Consolidation and Your Credit Score

Credit score plays a vital role in availing loans and can be affected when you apply for various loans. The impact of debt consolidation on your credit score may vary depending on your repayment action of the debt consolidation. If you have a good record of timely payments on consolidated loans and you are handling the finances appropriately then the impact on your credit score will be positive. On the other hand, if you are careless in the repayment process of the consolidation then you may affect your credit score negatively.

Debt Consolidation Options in India

There are various debt consolidation options in India and you can apply for it online or offline. There are many banks and NBFCs providing debt consolidation loans in India:

  1. Debt consolidation loans
    • Personal loans
    • Secured vs. unsecured loans
  2. Balance transfer on credit cards
  3. Home equity loans
  4. Loan against property


There are times when people are under many debts and it becomes difficult for them to manage so many debts at a time. It is very important to manage debts to maintain your financial history or creditworthiness. The best way to manage these ongoing debt is debt consolidation, you can handle all these debts by combining them as one into debt consolidation with low interest rates. Debt consolidation helps you in seeking financial stability by managing your debts. Consolidating credit cards or different loan debt can be an excellent solution for people who are trying to handle various credit card or loan obligations. It simplifies the repayment process, thus saving money over time.

At My Mudra, we understand the importance of simplifying financial management. Just as we help individuals to avail of holiday loans and marriage loans, our debt consolidation services aim to bring clarity and ease to your financial life. By consolidating your debts, you can focus on what truly matters without the burden of juggling multiple payments.

Also read: How to Manage Your Salary? 6 Effective Ways that can Help You

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